November 21, 2014
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Fountain Inn, SC 29644
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Oil Painting Rose to Artist Canvas
One learned art technique is splitting the canvas into thirds which helps in creating a more balanced composition. I've chosen the lower left section of the canvas to layout my grid drawing of the Pink Rose flower.The flower grid drawing pattern image is created with twelve squares in height and thirteen squares across. Knowing this helps in that the flower image can be adjust in size by changing the square sizes to make the image fit to whatever surface you choose. Shrink it or enlarge it, be it a canvas, drawing pad or brick wall, the size is totally up to you. I've drawn the grid pattern squares on my canvas to one and a half inches in size which enlarges or doubles the size of Rink Rose flower.
After you've drawn your blank gird to your artist canvas, begin by using square D1 as the starting reference point from the Pink Rose grid. Drawing left to right and from top to bottom helps to avoid smudging the graphite pencil outline as you draw. To help even further from smudging a hard lead pencil can be used for drawing.
After completing the drawing I like to brush on white acrylic gesso with an pure bristle brush. Besides giving the canvas more tooth the acrylic gesso seals the canvas. It also prevents the graphite on the canvas from smudging while leaving the drawn outline image visible for your art.
Before Oil Painting the Flower, Sky Colors
Creation surrounding us in our every day life reflects light. In most outdoor paintings light from the sky plays an important part in the artwork. So before beginning I brushed in an under paint layer of the background area first. Starting with the sky helps in establishing the light effects on my art subject. Keep in mind the direction from your light source as it will determine where shadows are placed.
For my background I've chosen to paint a cloudy sky with sun beams over distant mountains. I started with a color mix of Cobalt Blue, Thalo Blue, Alizarin Crimson and Titanium White. There a number of different photo references of cloudy skies I use to help me achieve the desired look to this painting. I've brushed in a layer of under paint with these colors to set the composition in motion and then I let this dry completely.
When painting light of the sun beams keep in mind some questions and characteristics about brushing sun rays. What path are the sun beams taking? How much of a glow will the rays of light have? What hue will the light in the atmosphere show?
Background Artist Photo Reference
Colors from this photo and the landscape concept will work well in the art composition for a background. Clouds in the sky will change in structure some what.
Blue Cloudy Background Sky Brushed On Along with Distant Mountains
Mountains where brushed on with a mix of Prussian Blue and Alizarin Crimson. Being that the rose flower will contain pink colors I wanted to stay close to that hue. So by using the above reference photo with these colors creates a Tetrad that works in this painting.
I started brushing in a mixture with artist colors Indian Yellow and Titanium White just above the background mountains. You will find Indian Yellow creates a warm glow. This was painted in just above the mountain ridge.
Above the glowing area I began lightly blending in Prussian Blue while intensifying the color to the edge of the canvas. Once the basic cloud formations where created I used artist paint color Alizarin Crimson to give some clouds a lavender color in appearance. Be careful with the Crimson because it can be very rich and over power the blue hue. Small amounts of Burnt Umber where used towards the outer edges to darken some clouds. I like painting cloudy skies this way because it create distance for the painting. Highlights will be added to the clouds after the remaining portions of the painting are done.
Background Mountains Brushed On
Using the same artist colors as stated above but now Yellow Ochre is introduced for the closer mountain ridge. Keep in mind that this colors will be also later on be rendered in the flower petals and leaves. I really like this portion because a sense of distance is created with these colors. Three contributing factors renders a visual sense of distance.
First is the cloudy sky. It begins very dark at the top edge of the canvas and then lightens as the clouds approach the horizon. Just as in most days you can walk outside and see this effect in real life.
Second factor is the most distance mountains are painted in lighter colors. Generally atmospheric conditions cause farther elements to be lighter in color.
And the third factor in creating distance is that the closer mountain ridge, while using the same colors and adding Yellow Ochre, is painted in darker and in sharper view. Compare this with the photo reference above.
But all is not done. When after painting the Rose flower in this under paint will be revisited. Highlights from sunshine will be brushed in on the clouds and mountains creating even more distance. The point of that sunshine will issue forth just above the right side of the flower near the distance mountain edge.
Flower Under Paint and Background
In the next step of under painting is the petals of the rose flower where they are brushed on with a mixture of Alizarin Crimson and white. Also an artist color of Indian Yellow was painted on near the center of the flower. This creates a glowing effect that radiates outwardly to the tips of the petals.
The flower's green leaves and stem receive color and to help them stand out a red-orange color was selected for the foreground behind them. Looking a color wheel you will see the green-blue and red-orange colors are on opposite sides of each other. And anything across the color wheel creates a noticeable difference.
What I like thus far with this fine art creation is the limited color palette used. For instance the Indian Yellow used in the flower petals is also used for the background glowing effect just over the mountain ridge. Blues in the sky are the same colors used to paint the mountains and the same for blending the colors of the leaves. Painting this way works for me and makes the whole foundation of the artwork come together. And like a house in construction, if the foundation is good the end results will be good.
Sunset Photo Reference for Background Sky Image credit: imagevixens / 123RF Stock Photo
Sunsets are wonderful to look at. Every sunset is a really amazing work of art with no two the same. So it's important in selecting a sunset reference that works with this artwork.
The reference photo above has the bright warm golden colors I'm look for on the right side that will be brushed on just above the mountains. That beautiful glow continues to stretch across the cloudy sky to the left and will also in this oil painting composition. The clouds carry the rich dark blues to lavender colors that will be painted with Alizarin Crimson mixed with blue hues.
It's interesting on how the creator creates these colors. Looking at the color wheel it can be noted the warm golden yellows are across from the blue violet colors. This makes for a wonderful chosen background to use.
Clouds and Sun Glow Painted
Clouds I've painted entered the composition with same palette colors used previously. Some highlights will be brushed on in a later sitting after a second painting of the lower portion is completed. So far this works with the sun appearing to shine just over the mountain edge. By softening the edge where the sun at the mountain ridge meet a glowing effect is created while keeping the outer mountain ridges sharp in focus. Painting in sun rays that beam forth towards the flower will enhance this area. There needs to be some changes with the clouds.
Sun Glowing Over Mountain Ridge
Painting glowing effects is just one artist technique that is really fun to do and it's a point where the artwork begins to come alive. Notice the painted mountain ridge on either side of the glowing sun. The edge of the ridge is in sharper focus then where the sun is. You can see this taking place naturally in the real world as you watch a sunset.
Softening the edge of the ridge as it meets the sky creates this glowing effect. Additionally by softening the snow covered ridges of the mountain near the sun's glowing area increases this perception. Just be careful not to extend the softening technique too far out. Take into consideration the clouds above the sun and soften the edges of these also.
Art Lesson Jump to Page Section
» Before Oil Painting the Flower, Sky Colors
» Background Artist Photo Reference
» Blue Cloudy Background Sky Brushed On Along with Distant Mountains
» Background Mountains Brushed On
» Flower Under Paint and Background
» Sunset Photo Reference for Background Sky
» Clouds and Sun Glow Painted
» Sun Glowing Over Mountain Ridge
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